Measuring Campus Performance through Submetering
A Case Study Analysis
Many college campuses are billed for utilities based on a small number of meters shared by multiple buildings. As a result, utility tracking systems provide aggregate usage measurements, instead of providing building-level data. This approach to utility measurement often reduces utility rates or reduces installation costs for district heating/cooling systems, but it obscures the true performance of individual buildings. “Measurement is the first step that leads to control and eventually to improvement. If you can’t measure something, you can’t understand it. If you can’t understand it, you can’t control it. If you can’t control it, you can’t improve it.”¹ Measuring utility use for individual buildings is a necessary step towards making college campuses more resource efficient through targeted improvements for poor-performing buildings.
The following guide is intended to provide you with an understanding of the value of submetering on a campus and how to set-up and maintain a submetering program. Case studies from four prominent schools are included to illustrate different solutions for campus submetering. To learn more about reducing energy and water consumption on campuses through benchmarking, upgrades and behavior change, review the companion document Campus Benchmarking Guide.
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